Israeli Independence Day, which commemorates the establishment of the modern state of Israel in 1948.

"Day of Judgement;" alternate name for Rosh HaShanah

Holocaust Remembrance Day, on which we remember the Holocaust and honor the memory of those who perished.

Israeli Memorial Day on which citizens remember the soldiers who lost their lives fighting the War of Independence and other subsequent battles.

"Day of Atonement;" holiest day of the Jewish year, which includes a focus on prayer, repentance and fasting.

"Day of Shofar Blowing;" alternate name for Rosh HaShanah.

"Good Day;" the term, often pronounced as yuntiff (Yiddish) has come to mean "holiday;" "Good Yuntiff" is often used a holiday greeting.

"Jerusalem Day;" Israeli holiday that commemorates the 1967 reunification of Jerusalem and Israeli control of the Old City.

The Hebrew four letters that spell the tetragrammaton, the unpronounceable name of God; despite the spelling, most often pronounced “Adonai.”

The belief that there should be a Jewish homeland in Zion (Israel).

Literally, “the time of the giving of our Torah.” This refers to the holiday of Shavuot.

Literally, “bone.” It is customary to place a shank bone on the seder plate as a reminder of the Passover sacrifice in Temple times.