"Missing the mark;" a Hebrew term for sin.
"Spinning top" in Yiddish (derived from German); "sevivon" in Hebrew; toy used in a children's Hanukkah game.
"A good final sealing;" a High Holiday greeting used between Rosh HaShana and Yom Kippur. Often abbreviated as g'mar tov.
"Money" (Yiddish); often given as a Hanukkah gift; used for playing dreidel.
"Dedication;" the joyous eight-day celebration during which Jews commemorate the victory of the Macabees over the armies of Syria in 165 B.C.E. and the subsequent liberation and rededication of the Temple in Jerusalem.
Literally, “separation." The Saturday night home ritual that separates the Sabbath from the beginning of the new week. The ritual uses wine, spices, and candles to transition from Sabbath to the weekdays.
Rosh HaShanah and Yom Kippur
"Sanctification;" blessing recited or chanted over wine (or grape juice), emphasizing the holiness of Shabbat and festivals.
"Pancake" (Yiddish); fried potato pancake often eaten on Hanukkah; plural: latkes.
"Cycle;" High Holiday prayerbook; plural: machzorim.