"Missing the mark;" a Hebrew term for sin.
"Spinning top" in Yiddish (derived from German); "sevivon" in Hebrew; toy used in a children's Hanukkah game.
The Hebrew month preceding Rosh HaShanah during which one engages in self-reflection and evaluation in preparation for the High Holidays. Traditionally, the shofar is blown each day during the month.
"A good final sealing;" a High Holiday greeting used between Rosh HaShana and Yom Kippur. Often abbreviated as g'mar tov.
"Money" (Yiddish); often given as a Hanukkah gift; used for playing dreidel.
"Dedication;" the joyous eight-day celebration during which Jews commemorate the victory of the Macabees over the armies of Syria in 165 B.C.E. and the subsequent liberation and rededication of the Temple in Jerusalem.
Rosh HaShanah and Yom Kippur
"Pancake" (Yiddish); fried potato pancake often eaten on Hanukkah; plural: latkes.
"Cycle;" High Holiday prayerbook; plural: machzorim.
Seven- or nine-branched candelabra; commonly refers to the nine-branched Hanukkah lamp; plural: menorot.