"Missing the mark;" a Hebrew term for sin.
"Spinning top" in Yiddish (derived from German); "sevivon" in Hebrew; toy used in a children's Hanukkah game.
"A good final sealing;" a High Holiday greeting used between Rosh HaShana and Yom Kippur. Often abbreviated as g'mar tov.
"Money" (Yiddish); often given as a Hanukkah gift; used for playing dreidel.
"Noisemaker" (Hebrew); used to drown out Haman's name during the M'gillah reading on Purim.
Triangle-shaped pastries commonly filled with apricot jam or poppyseed spread (or other fillings) and eaten on Purim; the shape represents Haman's hat or ears
"Dedication;" the joyous eight-day celebration during which Jews commemorate the victory of the Macabees over the armies of Syria in 165 B.C.E. and the subsequent liberation and rededication of the Temple in Jerusalem.
Rosh HaShanah and Yom Kippur
"Pancake" (Yiddish); fried potato pancake often eaten on Hanukkah; plural: latkes.
"Cycle;" High Holiday prayerbook; plural: machzorim.